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Assessing using milestones

What are Milestones?

Milestones split the curriculum into 3 sections.  Milestone 1 outlines the learning in Key Stage 1 (Year 1 and 2), Milestone 2 outlines the learning in Lower Key Stage 2 (Year 3 and 4) and Milestone 3 outlines the learning in Upper Key Stage 2 (Year 5 and 6).

How do I track progression within a milestone?

We believe progression is not simply a matter of ticking off what pupils can do. Instead we are concerned with how well they can do things, their fluency and their depth of understanding. Therefore we think it is important to track two things:

  • the breadth of learning (i.e. how many examples of learning we can see)
  • the depth of learning (i.e. the fluency of pupils, how well they apply knowledge and skills and their depth of understanding)


Depth of learning is central to this assessment system. Progression is not simply a matter of being able to do more things. It involves:

  • increasing levels of challenge, changes to teaching methods, changing nature of progress, decreasing levels of support, increasing quantity of learning, activities that match the intended challenge.


We have simplified this into three stages of progress within a milestone: Basic 1 and 2, Advancing 1 and 2 and Deep 1 and 2 learning.

Although pupils will move through the milestones not all pupils will progress through Basic, Advancing and Deep learning in each milestone.

We have set each year groups Age Related Expectation at the following stages – Advancing 1 for the end of Year 1, 3 and 5 and Deep 1 for the end of year 2, 4 and 6.

Visually, progress may be represented as:

Examples of Learning: